Michael E. Byczek, Attorney at Law

CopyrightYou have a federal copyright, but now what?

Music Example

Assume that you composed a song titled "I have a Copyright". If an infringer copied your song or distributed it on a music sharing site, it may be very easy or extremely difficult to locate these files.

If you use a search engine (i.e. Google) to enter the keyword "I have a Copyright", the results will include websites where an exact copy is located. However, if they changed the title to "Kopyright is mine", the search engine may not find anything.

What if the infringer changed the title to "Cats and Dogs"? It will be virtually impossible to locate infringement unless you were to listen to every music file on the Internet. However, by the time you finished listening to first 1,000 songs, they could have uploaded the file to a site you already checked.

Photograph/Art Example

What if somebody copies a photograph or artwork? It would be easy to locate a photograph titled "Likeness of a Copyright" when the infringer uses the same title. However, what happens when the infringer copies your photograph of a rainbow over a bridge and calls it "Clouds reflected on the water"? Keywords will not locate the infringement. In this scenario, you would have to do a brute force search of photographs or paintings and hope you get lucky.

Poetry Example

Assume you wrote a poem. An identical copy would be easy to locate, since the verses were not changed. However, what if the infringer copies only a portion of the poem and uses it within an otherwise original composition? A search would include each verse of your poem to find a comparison. Even if it were an exact copy, you would still have to search every web page on the Internet and greeting card in the world.